How to calculate the average altitude through gps location manager in iphone

| | August 8, 2015

I want to calculate the maximum altitude, minimum altitude, and average altitude of the current location through CLLocationManager. I know how to calculate the altitude using the following code:

    #import <UIKit/UIKit.h>
    #import <CoreLocation/CoreLocation.h>

    @interface test : UIViewController <CLLocationManagerDelegate> {
        CLLocationManager   *locationManager;

        CLLocation  *startingPoint;

        IBOutlet    UILabel *altitudeLabel;

    @property (retain, nonatomic) CLLocationManager *locationManager;
    @property (retain, nonatomic) CLLocation *startingPoint;
    @property (retain, nonatomic) UILabel *altitudeLabel;
    //this is my test.h class

    #import "test.h"

    @implementation test
    @synthesize locationManager;
    @synthesize startingPoint;
    @synthesize altitudeLabel;

    #pragma mark -
    - (void)viewDidLoad {
        self.locationManager = [[CLLocationManager alloc] init];
        [locationManager startUpdatingLocation];
        locationManager.delegate = self;
        locationManager.distanceFilter = kCLDistanceFilterNone; 
        locationManager.desiredAccuracy = kCLLocationAccuracyBest;
    - (BOOL)shouldAutorotateToInterfaceOrientation:(UIInterfaceOrientation)interfaceOrientation {
        // Return YES for supported orientations
        return (interfaceOrientation == UIInterfaceOrientationPortrait);

    - (void)dealloc {

        [locationManager release];
        [startingPoint release];
        [altitudeLabel release];

        [super dealloc];
    #pragma mark -
    #pragma mark CLLocationManagerDelegate Methods
    - (void)locationManager:(CLLocationManager *)manager didUpdateToLocation:(CLLocation *)newLocation fromLocation:(CLLocation *)oldLocation {

        if (startingPoint == nil)
            self.startingPoint = newLocation;

        NSString *altitudeString = [[NSString alloc] initWithFormat:@"%gm", newLocation.altitude];
        altitudeLabel.text = altitudeString;
        [altitudeString release];


    - (void)locationManager:(CLLocationManager *)manager didFailWithError:(NSError *)error {

        NSString *errorType = (error.code == kCLErrorDenied) ? @"Access Denied" : @"Unknown Error";
        UIAlertView *alert = [[UIAlertView alloc] initWithTitle:@"Error gettingg location from Core Location" message:errorType delegate:nil cancelButtonTitle:@"Okay" otherButtonTitles:nil];
        [alert show];
        [alert release];



Through this I only get the altitude value, but I need to know how to calculate average altitude, minimum altitude, and maximum altitude. Does anyone know how to do this?

2 Responses to “How to calculate the average altitude through gps location manager in iphone”

  1. Instead of storing all the altitudes in an array as others have suggested, you could just store the current average/min/max and update it as you go.

    int numUpdates = 0;
    double averageAlt = 0.0;
    double minAlt = DBL_MAX;
    double maxAlt = DBL_MIN;
    - (void)locationManager:(CLLocationManager *)manager didUpdateToLocation:(CLLocation *)newLocation fromLocation:(CLLocation *)oldLocation {
          if (newLocation.altitude < minAlt) {
              minAlt = newLocation.altitude;
          if (newLocation.altitude > maxAlt) {
              maxAlt= newLocation.altitude;
          double sum = numUpdates * averageAlt;
          averageAlt = sum / numUpdates;
  2. I describe how to get min in the minAltitude method. I’ll leave it to you to find max and average.

    in .h:

    NSMutableArray *altitudes;

    in .m:

    - (void) viewDidLoad {
        [super viewDidLoad];
        altitudes = [[NSMutableArray alloc] init];
    - (void) dealloc {
        [altitudes release];
        [super dealloc];
     - (void)locationManager:(CLLocationManager *)manager didUpdateToLocation:(CLLocation *)newLocation fromLocation:(CLLocation *)oldLocation {
          [altitudes addObject:[NSNumber numberWithDouble:newLocation.altitude]];
    - (double) minAltitude 
         double min = DBL_MAX;
         double value;
         NSNumber *altitude;
         for (altitude in altitudes) {
             value = [altitude doubleValue];
             if (value < min) {
                 min = value;
         return min;

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